Operation situation of the hottest instrument indu

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Dongjingchen, Deputy Secretary General of China Instrument and meter industry association, continued to maintain a high-speed and stable development trend in the operation of the instrument and meter industry in 2008. The enterprise has made considerable progress in improving product technology and management level, and the economic benefits have increased significantly. At the same time, the standardization of the instrument industry 4. The high viscosity of PTFE melt has also made great progress: as of October 2008, China's industrial automation instrument industry has 244 current national standards, 225 industry standards, 296 national standards plans, and 24 industry standards plans. At present, the impact of the international financial crisis on China's real economy is gradually increasing. Enterprises in the instrument industry should adhere to independent innovation, timely adjust the product structure, and rely on standards to enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises. This time, the magazine invited Wang Chunxue, deputy director of the Technical Supervision Office of the Institute of integrated technology and economics of machinery industry instrumentation, Dong Jingchen, Deputy Secretary General of the China instrumentation industry association, Luo an, chief engineer of Beijing Hollysys Systems Engineering Co., Ltd., and Chen Xiaofeng, deputy general manager of Beijing Huakong Technology Co., Ltd., to express their views on the formulation of instrumentation standards, independent innovation, quality testing and other issues, The standardization and quality of its 12 machinery industry are introduced. Since the second half of 2009/2, the international financial storm has been coming fiercely, which has had a huge impact on the real economy of the world. Since the second half of this year, the impact of the international financial crisis on China's real economy has also begun to show. Therefore, the economic operation situation of various industries in 2008 has attracted much attention

below, based on the data of the National Bureau of statistics, a brief introduction is made to the operation situation of the instrument industry in 2008

first, the year-on-year growth rate of sales revenue gradually declined, but it is still in a state of rapid and stable development. In 2007, the sales revenue of the whole industry was 300.5 billion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 29%. In February 2008, due to the impact of the Spring Festival, the growth rate of sales revenue fell to 21%, and then from March, the year-on-year growth rate basically fell by 1% per month, and the sales revenue reached 297billion yuan in October, The year-on-year growth rate fell to 19.8%. This shows that economic macro-control has gradually affected the industry. However, the overall growth plan of the industry is still about 20%, so it can be said that the whole industry is still in a state of rapid development, and scientific testing instruments are independent

from the analysis of the sales revenue growth rate of each sub industry, the optical instrument manufacturing is the main one with the growth rate lower than the industry average, and the growth rate is only 7.7% The manufacturing of special instruments and meters for environmental monitoring, special instruments and meters for teaching, electrical instruments and meters and experimental analysis instruments have a relatively high growth rate. The reason for the sharp decline in optical instrument manufacturing is that a large part of China's optical instrument manufacturing business is the export of optical lenses and devices. After the international financial crisis, this part of the market shrank sharply, which greatly affected the manufacturing of optical instruments. The sub industries with relatively high growth are special instruments and meters for environmental monitoring related to environmental protection, electrical instruments and meters related to energy measurement, and experimental and analytical instruments related to food safety and scientific research. It can be seen that the development of instrumentation industry is closely corresponding to the guidance of national macroeconomic policies, which basically reflects the direction of national economic regulation

second, the cost increased significantly, and the profit space narrowed. As of August 2008, the industry realized a profit of 15 billion yuan, an increase of only 9.7% year-on-year... And the profit growth rate of all sub industries decreased. Such a large decline in profits should first be attributed to the shrinking market and the resulting more intense price competition. For example, due to the shrinking market, the profit of optical instrument manufacturing decreased by 640million yuan in August compared with the same period last year. For example, although the sales revenue of special instruments for environmental monitoring increased by 44% compared with last year, the profit decreased by 30million Yuan due to price competition; The second reason is the rise in material prices, labor costs, energy prices, etc. the average cost increase caused by these factors is about 10%. It is worth noting that in the past, the growth of industry profits was always higher than the growth of sales revenue. This shows that the growth of industry profits does not rely solely on the expansion of reproduction. Enterprises also increase their profits by adjusting product structure and improving management level. This is the performance of a virtuous circle of enterprises. However, as of August this year, the growth rate of profits was lower than that of sales revenue, which deserves attention

after several years of efforts, with the continuous improvement of the technical level and quality of domestic instruments and meters, the market share has gradually increased, compressing the market of some imported products. On the other hand, many foreign enterprises have set up factories in China for production and sales, so the import amount has also been reduced to a certain extent. By 2007, the import growth rate of instruments and meters had dropped to 12.3% However, in 2008, due to too much national trade surplus and great pressure on RMB appreciation, the relevant departments issued some policies to encourage imports in order to alleviate this contradiction. For example, some imported products can be exempted from tariff and value-added tax; Some approved projects can also get loan discount when importing instruments and meters. These policies have greatly enhanced the competitiveness of imported products, which made the import growth rate of instruments and meters soar to 24.4% in 2008, and doubled the concentration of efforts to carry out system research

as of August, the import volume of instruments and meters has reached 14.66 billion US dollars, which is expected to exceed 20 billion US dollars for the first time this year

the export situation is relatively stable, and the growth rate has been maintained at about 30%. Among the amount of exported instruments and meters, a part is brought about by the resale of foreign-funded enterprises after domestic production. Domestic instruments and meters are still mainly products with large quantity, wide range and low added value

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